Breed Of The Month Persian


The Persian has been among the most popular cat breeds in the US for years because of their soft features and laidback temperament.


The earliest documentation of the Persian dates back to the 1500s, although the breed is believed to be years older!

The breed is known to have originated in Persia (now Iran), hence the name.

Persian cats were imported into Europe during the early 1600s and soon became very popular in England and among the royals.

Queen Victoria–who reigned from 1837 to 1901–owned several Persian cats.

A Persian kitten was awarded “Best in Show” during the first official cat show, which took place at the Crystal Palace in London in 1871.

The breed made its way to America around the late 1800s-early 1900s.

Appearance & Physical Traits

Believe it or not, the Persian breed didn’t always sport that adorable flat-faced look we’re all used to.

In the early-to-mid 1900s, a litter of Persian kittens were born with abnormally short muzzles that gave them a “smushed face” look.

The current doll-face or traditional Persian is the closest in appearance to the earlier generations of the breed.

Persians are medium-to-large-sized cats with short legs, round features, and a beautiful coat of long, flowing fur.

The breed is seen in nearly all colors and patterns from solid blue to tortoiseshell! Eye color also varies widely.

Personality & Behavioral Traits

Persians are known for their calm and laidback temperament and friendly disposition.

The breed is friendly and affectionate but doesn’t demand attention–this makes Persian cats a better choice for people who spend hours outside the home.

Persians are typically lazy kitties–they spend most of the day taking cat naps and lounging around their favorite spot in the house!

If properly introduced, they generally do well with other cats as well as calm children and dogs.


Persians are prone to respiratory issues, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), polycystic kidney disease (PKD), progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), brachycephalic airway syndrome, and trichiasis.

Persian cats from reputable breeders should be tested for hereditary diseases before adoption.


The Persian’s long coat is prone to tangling and matting and requires daily grooming.

You should wash your Persian cat’s face and around their eyes daily to prevent tear stains.

Persians need their nails trimmed every 2-3 weeks, their teeth brushed daily, and their ears cleaned when dirty.

Staying up to date with annual wellness checkups for your cat is essential.

Works Cited​

Brown, Jackie, “Persian Cat: Breed Profile, Characteristics & Care,” The Spruce Pets,

“10 Fascinating Facts About Persian Cats,” All About Cats Veterinary Hospital,

Leeson, Janelle, “Persian Cat Breed Health and Care,” PetMD,

Image by Spike Summers via Pixabay